Located on the Rhine River in the western part of Germany, Bonn is one of the country’s largest cities. Bonn itself has a population of more than 300,000 people, and its outlying metro area is home to more than 11 million residents. The city is known for being a university town, as the University of Bonn is one of the largest in Germany. Bonn served as the capital of West Germany when the country was divided into East Germany and West Germany, from 1949 to 1990, and was the capital of reunited Germany until 1999, when the capital was moved back to Berlin.
Bonn is a popular destination for both tourists and business travelers. Flights to Bonn, Germany, arrive at Cologne Bonn International Airport (CGN). The airport is located about ten miles north of Bonn. It is easily accessible by train from the city as the airport has its own train station. About 12 million passengers pass through Cologne Bonn International Airport each year.
Tourists who fly to Bonn often come to the city to see its historic buildings and cultural sites. In 1770, the city was the birthplace of classical composer Ludwig van Beethoven, who remains one of the most well-known Western composers of all time. Beethoven’s birthplace, a house near Bonn’s marketplace, has been preserved as is open to visitors as a museum. The church where Beethoven was baptized, Saint Remigius Church, built in the 13th century, and the city’s Beethoven Monument, a large bronze statue of the composer erected in 1845 on Bonn’s Munsterplatz, are also popular tourist attractions.
The Godesburg castle is also frequently visited by tourists who fly to Bonn, Germany. Located on a hill above the city, Godesburg was built as a fortress in the 13th century. The castle was restored in the late 1950s as was used as hotel and restaurant. The restaurant is still in operation today.
The city’s museums, many of which are located on a single street known as the “Museum Mile,” are another attraction for people who book flights to Bonn. These include the Bonn Museum of Modern Art; the Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany; the Museum Koenig natural history museum; and the Deutsches Museum Bonn science museum.
Business travelers who fly to Bonn often work in telecommunications, manufacturing, food processing, or in academia. The city is home to the corporate headquarters of Deutsche Telekom, the parent company of the T Mobile cell phone company. Bonn is also home to the headquarters of the Haribo company, manufacturers of several types of gummy candies, most notably gummy bears.
One of Bonn’s largest employers is the University of Bonn, which opened in 1777. The university has an enrollment of nearly 36,000 students and operates a hospital and several museums. Students from throughout Germany and other parts of Europe take cheap flights to Bonn to study at the university.
Several notable people are alumni of the University of Bonn including social philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche; political philosopher Karl Marx; Nobel Prize-winning author Paul Thomas Mann; Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, husband of Queen Victoria; and Pope Benedict XVI.
Other notable people who have lived in or are from Bonn include novelist Kurt Wolff and Hans Riegel Senior, inventor of the gummy bear and founder of the Haribo company.